# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 56

- 56 is the smallest long leg of a primitive Pythagorean triangle whose three side lengths are composite integers
- 56 is the number of reduced 5-by-5 Latin squares

## Rare Properties of 56

The number is called *pronic* if it is the product of two consecutive numbers.

They are twice triangular numbers.

A *tetrahedral* number is the number of balls you can put in a triangular pyramid.

This is the space generalization of triangular and square numbers.

## Common Properties of 56

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The n-th *lazy caterer* number is the maximum number of pieces a (circular) pizza can be cut into with n (straight-line) cuts.

Unlike the situation with cake, everybody gets the toppings.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.