(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)
The n-th cake number is the maximum number of pieces a (cylindrical) cake can be cut into with n (straight-plane) cuts.
Unfortunately, not everybody gets the frosting. If you cut pizza rather than cake, you get lazy caterer's numbers.
A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called composite.
Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.
The number n is deficient if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.
Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.
A number is even if it is divisible by 2.
Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.
The number n is evil if it has an even number of 1's in its binary expansion.
Guess what odious numbers are.
The n-th lazy caterer number is the maximum number of pieces a (circular) pizza can be cut into with n (straight-line) cuts.
Unlike the situation with cake, everybody gets the toppings.
A palindrome is a number that reads the same forward or backward.
Undulating numbers are numbers of the form abababab... in base 10.
This property is significant starting from 3-digit numbers, so we will not consider numbers below 100.